Granting of the right to drive

The right to drive a power-driven vehicle is granted to a person whose permanent residence is in Estonia, whose age and state of health comply with the requirements in force and who has obtained the qualifications of a power-driven vehicle driver (has passed the required tests). For the purposes of the Traffic Act, permanent residence means a place where a person usually lives for at least 185 days in each calendar year because of personal or occupational ties or who can prove that they have studied in Estonia for at least six months. Permanent residence is proven by the data of the population register.

 

Granting of the right to drive a moped

 

A power-driven vehicle of category AM may be driven by a person who has the right to drive or limited right to drive any power-driven vehicle.

A person born prior to 1 January 1993 is not required to have the right to drive or a limited right to drive a power‑driven vehicle of category AM.

Persons who were 16 or 17 years of age at the time the Traffic Act entered into force on 01.07.2011 are not required to have the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category AM until 1 January 2013.

 

Limited right to drive

 

A limited right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B may be granted to a person aged 16 or 17 years of age on condition that their legal guardian or a person authorised by the legal guardian is next to them in the motor vehicle. Such a person must have held the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B for at least two years and must not be in a state of intoxication or in a state exceeding the maximum permitted level of alcohol in the bloodstream.

A limited right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category T may be granted to a person of at least 15 years of age on condition that the maximum mass of the vehicle with or without a trailer does not exceed 8000 kilograms. A person with a limited right to drive may drive a power-driven vehicle of category T on condition that they do not carry goods on roads and that the driving takes place under the direct supervision of their legal guardian or a person authorised by the legal guardian in writing. Such a person must have held a driving licence certifying the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category T for at least two years and must not be in a state of intoxication or in a state exceeding the maximum permitted level of alcohol in the bloodstream.

 

Provisional driving licence

 

The granting of a permit to drive for a category A and subcategory A1 motorcycle, except a motorcycle of category A with an engine power of over 25 kW or effective engine power exceeding 0.16 kW/kg, category B vehicle and subcategory B1 vehicle or simultaneously category B and C1 vehicle, takes place in two stages.

After the test results have been officially registered and until a provisional driving licence is obtained, but for no longer than 10 days as of passing the test, the holder’s right to drive a power-driven vehicle is proven on the basis of the data of the motor register. When driving, the driver must carry an identity document.

 

Final stage

 

The final stage of the initial training of a driver is designed for the independent development of driving skills obtained with the training provider and gaining self-evaluation skills in road traffic conditions. The objective of the final stage is to deepen the knowledge and skills obtained in the initial stage and to achieve sufficient driving experience as an independent driver, forming the basis for readiness to be granted a driving licence. The final stage of the initial training of the driver starts once the provisional driving licence has been obtained. The duration of the final stage of the initial training is 23 months.

A holder of a provisional driving licence of a power-driven vehicle of category B and subcategory B1 must complete the final stage training within the framework of the final stage of the initial training.

Final-stage training must be completed before the provisional driving licence is replaced with a driving licence.

The holder of a limited right to drive a vehicle of category B must complete final-stage training when they have replaced the driving licence with a limited right to drive with a provisional driving licence.

 

Driving licence

 

If a person who holds a provisional driving licence has acquired the necessary skills and completed the final stage of training and has not been penalised in the last 12 months for a violation of the traffic rules, they will obtain a driving licence without having to take the tests. The holder of the provisional driving licence may submit to the motor registry office an application for the replacement of the provisional driving licence one month before the expiry of the provisional driving licence.

If the holder of a provisional driving licence does not obtain a full driving licence for the respective category of a power-driven vehicle or road train within 12 months of the expiry of the provisional driving licence, they must re-apply for a provisional driving licence and pass the theory and driving tests required in order to obtain the provisional driving licence. The date of granting a permit to drive starts from the date of granting the provisional right to drive.

Granting the right to drive a category C and D and subcategory C1 and D1 vehicle and category BE, CE or DE or subcategory C1E or D1E road train.

  • The right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category C and subcategory D1 may be granted to a person who has held the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B for at least one year.

  • The right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category D may be granted to a person who has held the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B for at least two years.

  • The aforementioned period of holding a driving licence excludes the period of holding a provisional driving licence for a power-driven vehicle of category B and a driving licence with a limited right to drive.

  • The right to drive a power-driven vehicle of subcategory C1 may be granted to a person along with the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B or to a person who has the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B.

  • The right to drive a road train of subcategory BE, CE or DE and subcategory C1E or D1E may be granted to a person who holds the right to drive a traction unit of the respective category.

    The abovementioned right to drive a power-driven vehicle and road train cannot be granted to a person who holds a provisional driving licence of a category B power-driven vehicle; the right to drive categories of vehicles and road trains is only granted after relevant preparation and passing the theory and driving tests.

    A person holding a provisional driving licence to drive a vehicle of category B may also participate in the training course of a driver of a road train of category BE. The right to drive a road vehicle of category BE will be granted to the person no earlier than when applying for the driving licence.

  • The right to drive a power-driven vehicle of categories C and D and a road train of category CE may be granted to a person alongside granting the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B or to a person who has the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B if the right to drive is necessary in connection with conducting a vocational training course. If, in accordance with the Road Transport Act, it is necessary to conduct a vocational training course, the person may, after passing the final test and having been granted the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B or, once such a right to drive has been granted, without delay apply for the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of categories C and D and a road train of category CE.

The training of drivers, their testing and granting them the right to drive in the course of vocational training takes place in one phase, and after the tests have been passed, the person will be granted a driving licence in accordance with the procedure established in subsection 7 of § 100 of the Traffic Act.

 

The right to drive a power-driven vehicle and a machine train of category T

 

  • In order to be granted the right to drive a power-driven vehicle and a machine train of category T, a person who holds the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of categories C or D or subcategories C1 or D1 only has to pass the driving test.

  • A power-driven vehicle of category T and a machine train with a maximum mass not exceeding 8000 kilograms may also be driven by a person who has the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of categories B, C or D or subcategories C1 or D1.

  • A power-driven vehicle of category T and a machine train with a maximum mass not exceeding 18,000 kilograms may also be driven by a person who has the right to drive road trains of category BE or a power-driven vehicle of subcategories C1 or D1 or a person who received the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of category B before 01.07.2011.

  • A power-driven vehicle of category T and a machine train may also be driven by a person who has the right to drive a road train of categories CE or DE or subcategories C1E or D1E.