Withdrawal, revocation and restoration of the right to drive

Withdrawal of the right to drive

 

Withdrawal of the right to drive is the principal or a supplementary penalty imposed by a court or an extrajudicial body for an offence relating the violation of the requirements of the Traffic Act or legislation issued on the basis thereof, which entails prohibiting the driving of a vehicle. A penalty imposed on a person residing in Estonia by a court or an extrajudicial body of a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area or the Swiss Confederation, which entails prohibiting the driving of a vehicle, is also considered the withdrawal of the right to drive.

 

Suspension of the right to drive

 

Suspension of the right to drive is the temporary prohibition of driving a power-driven vehicle.

A person’s right to drive a power-driven vehicle will be suspended if their state of health does not meet the health requirements established on the basis of decree no. 80 of 16.06.2011 of the Government of the Republic “Medical examination conditions for drivers of power-driven vehicles and applicants for the right to drive and for tram drivers and applicants for the right to drive a tram, forms of health certificates and health requirements, including medical contraindications, whereby the driving of a power-driven vehicle and tram is not permitted”. The health condition is verified based on the data noted on the health certificate of a driver of a power-driven vehicle (hereinafter: health certificate) or data electronically transmitted to the office by the authority issuing the health certificate.

 

Revocation of the right to drive

 

The right to drive a power-driven vehicle will be revoked if the person has obtained the right to drive by fraudulent means or if the person’s driving licence was issued on the basis of a document containing false or falsified information.

The revocation of the right to drive a power-driven vehicle enters into force following communication of the decision to the person.

The Road Administration prepares the decision to revoke the right to drive in two copies, one of which, immediately after the signing of the decision, is given to the person against signature on the other copy of the decision or is sent by registered mail to their residential address as registered in the population register or to another known residential address.

 

Surrendering of a driving licence

 

In the event of the suspension, withdrawal or revocation of the right to drive a power-driven vehicle, the person must surrender their driving licence to the motor registry office within five working days of entry into force of the decision.

If a person fails to surrender their driving licence by this deadline, the Road Administration issues the person with a precept to surrender the driving licence, giving the person a term of no less than five working days and no more than 14 days to that effect. The precept enters into force as of its delivery.

In the event of failure to comply with a precept, the Road Administration may impose a preventive fine in accordance with the procedure provided for in the law. The maximum limit of a preventive fine is 640 euros.

 

Restoration of the right to drive

 

If a person’s right to drive a power-driven vehicle has been suspended due to the worsening of their state of health on the basis of a decision of a traffic medicine committee, their health certificate becomes invalid and the person can restore the right to drive if the circumstances that served as the basis for the decision of the traffic medicine committee have ceased to exist. To restore the right to drive, the person must pass a medical examination on the basis of decree no. 80 of 16.6.2011 of the Government of the Republic “Medical examination conditions for drivers of power-driven vehicles and applicants for the right to drive and for tram drivers and applicants for the right to drive a tram, forms of health certificates and health requirements, including medical contraindications, whereby the driving of a power-driven vehicle and tram is not permitted”, on the basis of which a new health certificate is issued to them. The person must submit the new health certificate to the motor registry office.

If the right to drive a power-driven vehicle has been withdrawn from a person as the principal or a supplementary penalty for at least six but no longer than 12 months, the right to drive a power-driven vehicle can be restored if the person passes a theory test. This test can also be taken during the period when the right to drive is revoked as a penalty, but the right to drive in such an event is restored after the expiry of the term of the penalty.

If the right to drive a power-driven vehicle has been withdrawn from a person as the principal or a supplementary penalty for 12 months or longer, the right to drive a power-driven vehicle can be restored if the person passes the required theory and driving tests. The theory test can also be taken during the period when the right to drive is revoked as a penalty, but no sooner than 12 months before the expiry of the term of the penalty. The driving test cannot be taken before the expiry of the term of the penalty.

If a person has not replaced their driving licence within five years of the expiry thereof, their right to drive a power-driven vehicle will be restored if they pass the theory and driving tests.

If a person’s right to drive granted in a foreign state has been suspended or withdrawn, their right to drive will be restored after the expiry of the term of suspension or revocation.

To restore the right to drive, the person must submit the following documents to the motor registry office in order to apply for the driving licence:

  • a valid health certificate of the driver. It is not necessary to present a medical certificate if the certificate data in the motor registry are valid and the state of health of the driver has not changed or if the issuer of the medical certificate has transmitted the data electronically to the service bureau of the Road Administration;

  • an identity card or another document proving identity and permission to reside;

  • the relevant state fee must be paid.