Practical driving test

To obtain the right to drive and a driving licence to drive a power-driven vehicle of the relevant category, a practical driving test has to be taken. During the driving test, the examinee is the driver. A driving instructor or an instructor is also deemed to be the driver during driving lessons and driving practice and the examinee is deemed to be the driver during a driving test.

The driving test is conducted in Estonian and if the apllicant wishes to take it in English, she or he is required to make sure, prior to the test, that in the city, where the driving test will be held, there is an examiner who speaks English. The best option is to bring along an interpreter, who cannot be a representative of a driving school, and whose task it will be to interpret the dialogue during the driving test. Providing any other type of assistance is prohibited.

A practical driving test can be taken by a person who:

  • has passed a training course for driving a power-driven vehicle (initial or in-service training);
  • has passed successfully the theory test;
  • has paid the state fee.

An applicant for the right to drive is allowed to take the practical driving test in any service bureau of the Road Administration regardless of the place of residence of the examinee or location of the instructor.

The practical driving test is carried out and assessed by an examiner of the Road Administration. The latter will also grant the person the right to drive in case the practical driving test is successfully passed.

 

About taking the test

The purpose of the driving examination is to assess the compliance of a person’s knowledge, skills, behaviour and attitude with the qualification requirements.

When coming to the practical driving test

  • The examinee has to come to the practical driving test in time. It is recommended to come 5-10 minutes earlier.

  • When coming to the practical driving test the examinee must present their identity document. In case the examinee fails to present their identity document or the latter is not valid, they are not allowed to take the practical driving test.
  • The examinee must verify the validity of their health certificate and the compliance of any special conditions (e.g. wearing glasses) with the actual situation.

  • When arriving for a driving test, the examinee must present documents for a traction unit as well as a trailer.
  • When arriving for a driving test for a motorcycle (A-category, incl sub-categorys), the examinee must present documents for a vehicle.
  • On the day of the practical driving test for category B, the examinee will meet with the examiner in the service area, there is no need to see a customer service agent. The practical driving tests for other categories will take place as desognated by the Estonian Road Administration.

  • In case the person who has booked the practical driving test fails to come to the practical driving test or they have not informed the service bureau of the Road Administration of not coming to the practical driving test within the stipulated time period, the practical driving test is deemed to have been taken and the state fee paid for the practical driving test is deemed to have been used.

Driving test

Duration of the driving test per the categories of power-driven vehicles

Category of a power-driven vehicle

Minimum second grade

Limited right to drive category B 25
Restoration of the right to drive 25
Replacing a driving licence issued in a foreign state 25
AM 25
A, A1, A2 35
For driving a road train of category BE, B with its maximum weight of 4250 kg 25
Replacing category B licence with the limited right to drive with a provisional licence 45
B, B1 45
C, C1 45
D, D1 45
CE, DE, C1E, D1E 45
 

Driver training

There are many driving schools in Estonia and students are able to choose between them. The best choice can be made based on various criteria. It is important to familiarise yourself with the description of skills and knowledge required during a national driving test, which are listed on the homepage of the Estonian Road Administration.

The national driving test is not a part of driving lessons, but is conducted separately to evaluate the theoretical knowledge of the examinee as well as their skills and behaviour in traffic. The result of the national driving test is not dependent on the driving school nor the examiner of the Estonian Road Administration, but, first and foremost, on the examinee and the knowledge, skills and behaviour they have acquired. 

Make sure to familiarise yourself with the current Traffic Act of the Republic of Estonia prior to the national theoretical and practical driving test.

About practicing driving before taking the test

Before taking the practical driving test of a category B vehicle, try taking regular and comprehensive driving lessons as much as possible on roads with different traffic intensities and conditions. 

The best way to learn and obtain driving experience is to drive accompanied by a professional driving instructor as well as a supervisor. During the final stage of driving lessons, it is important to practise independent driving with a power-driven vehicle without a driving instructor or instructor drawing the attention of the student to the traffic situation, but only providing driving directions and instructions to stimulate independent driving. People who have successfully passed a category B driving test have obtained sufficient driving experience at a driver’s school as well as driving with a supervisor and have been driving before taking the test on average minimum 100 driving hours. This constitutes as 3000-4000 km of driving practice both outside and within built-up areas. 

See the video “Are you ready to take a practical driving test?”, which gives an overview of the category B practical driving test and an idea about whether you are well prepared and have sufficient driving practice before taking the practical driving test.

Scheduling the practical driving test

The practical driving test can be scheduled via the e-service environment of the Road Administration (for category B practical driving test only) or at the service bureas.

Teenindusbüroo Practical driving tests cy categories
Tallinn Category AM, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Saue Category B, BE, C, CE, D, DE  practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Rapla Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Tartu Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Jõgeva Category AM, B practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Võru Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Põlva Category AM, B, BE practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Valga Category AM, B practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Pärnu Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Haapsalu Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Kärdla Category AM, A, B, BE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Viljandi Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Kuressaare Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.

*For taking category C, CE, D, DE or T practical driving tests, the person has to consult with the Kuressaare office before booking the test. Also when booking a category C, CE, D, DE or T practical driving test, the person has to agree with the Kuressaare office regarding the possibility to use a test vehicle.

 
Jõhvi Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Rakvere Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Paide Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.
Narva Category AM, A, B, BE, C, CE, D, DE, T practical driving tests can be taken at this service bureau.

Information about the waiting time for taking a practical driving test can be obtained when calling the Road Administration information line 620 1200 as well as the service bureau.

In case you cannot come to the practical driving test, you have to inform the service bureau of the Road Administration in writing a minimum of three working days before the agreed test date and the date for taking the test will be changed.

In case of later notification, the time of the practical test drive will not be changed, except in case later notification was caused by unexpected illness of the person or any other circumstances beyond their control and based on the principle of reasonableness that it could not have been expected that the person should have taken this fact into account or should have avoided it and in case the person submits relevant proof to the office about it.
In case the person who has booked the practical driving test fails to come to the test or they have not informed the service bureau of not coming to the practical driving test within the stipulated time period, the practical driving test is deemed to have taken place and the state fee paid for the practical driving test is deemed to have been used.

For taking a practical driving test a state fee has to be paid.

Test vehicle

For a practical driving test for applying for a category B driving licence a test vehicle of the service bureau of the Road Administration equipped with a data recording device will be used.

When scheduling a category B driving test via the e-service environment, the first offered vehicle will be the same as the vehicle the examinee started their driving lessons with in driving school. This information (whether the examinee has driven a manual or an automatic vehicle) is forwarded to the Estonian Road Administration by the driving school.

In case a person applies for a category B driving licence for driving a car with an automatic gearbox (a vehicle without a clutch pedal), then starting from 01 September 2016 only category B vehicles with an automatic gearboxes belonging to the service bureau of the Road Administration also equipped with a data recording device are used for the practical driving test.

​Examinees with mobility disability who based on the health certificate are permitted to drive a manual driven vehicle only, will take a test with the vehicle adapted to their needs. As an exception they can take a test in a vehicle that does not have an extra clutch and brake pedals but in which the examiner can easily use a parking brake.

Category B practical driving tests are conducted with a 2015 hatchback motor vehicle with a 1.4 litre petrol engine and a 6-speed manual transmission.

When applying for a right to drive a category B or a respective subcategory motor vehicle, a category-B road train with a mass from 3500 kg to maximum mass up to 4250 kg or a category BE road train, the driving test is conducted pursuant to the requirements of the second stage of the driving test and the manoeuvres specified in Annex 3 of regulation No. 50 are tested on roads with low traffic density.

Exception: Driving tests of category-B road trains with a maximum mass exceeding 3500 kg but not exceeding 4250 kg may also be conducted with a motor vehicle and a trailer owned by the examinee (excluding a light trailer). Driving tests may only be conducted with a motor vehicle and a trailer owned by the examinee if their roadworthiness complies with set requirements.

If a towing vehicle hauling a category O2 trailer has studded tires, the trailer must also have studded tires. If a towing vehicle hauling a category O2 trailer has studless tires, the trailer must also have studless tires.

Road trains of categories BE and B with a mass of 3500 kg up to 4250 kg
Obligatory manoeuvre Manoeuvres chosen by the examiner

Reversing right or left.

* Coupling and uncoupling a trailer (the skills of the examinee in assembling and disassembling a road train are also tested during a category B driving test. The manoeuvre must involve the towing vehicle being parked alongside the trailer).
  1. Reversing in a restricted area;
  2. Reversing in a straight line;
  3. Forward slalom;
  4. Parking the vehicle and leaving a parking space.

 

Assessment of the practical driving test

During the practical driving test the capability of the examinee to drive the vehicle safely, independently, foresightedly and taking other road users into account on roads with different traffic intensities and conditions will be assessed. Also ability to perform obligatory manoeuvres will be assessed in the practical driving test. All instructions given are lawful. 

In traffic ensuring the safety of oneself as well as other road users is the most important. When driving on roads inside and outside of an urban area with different traffic intensities, the examinee must observe the driving speed, positioning on the road, traffic control devices, keep safe separation and lateral distances, observing thereat attentively and proactively the activity of other road users.

When driving at different speeds it is important to ensure smooth driving to avoid unreasonable obstruction of other road users. The examinee must also be able to use efficiently the rear-view mirrors to observe systematically the traffic and traffic situations. Before making a manoeuver, one has to ensure it is safe.

Taking a practical driving test

The person will be granted a permit to drive provided the test has been successfully passed.

Starting from successful passing of the practical driving test the person is granted the right to drive the vehicle within Estonia until receiving the driving licence but not longer than 10 working days.

In case the person did not pass the practical driving test the examinee will be given a report of their practical driving test, where the reason for not passing the practical driving test and mistakes made during the test are noted. The relevant report is issued to the person at the office.

In case the person did not pass the practical driving test successfully, they can repeat the test at a time determined by the Road Administration but not earlier than one week following the date they failed the practical driving test.

A practical driving test for restoration of the right to drive and in other cases

A practical driving test will be assessed based on the requirements of grade two . A practical driving test is carried out on roads with different traffic densities, where the skills and behaviour of the examinee in different traffic situations are assessed.

For a practical driving test for restoring the driving permit, a category B vehicle is used. In case the person willing to restore the permit to drive does not have the right to drive a category B vehicle, a test vehicle determined by the Road Administration the permit to drive of which the driver is restoring will be used for the practical driving test.

In case of replacing a driving licence obtained from a foreign state (except a member state of the European Economic Area or the Swiss Confederation or a contracting state of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic) with an Estonian driving licence, a test vehicle determined by the Road Administration will be used for the practical driving test.