Public transport management

The purpose of planning and managing public transport is to ensure that the supply of public transport meets demand; to promote the preferential use of public transport vehicles; and to reduce the economic costs on transport, energy and infrastructure incurred by society.

According to the Public Transport Act or in accordance with the procedure established by the said act, public transport is planned and managed by rural municipalities and city councils, rural municipalities and city governments (hereinafter local authority bodies), county governments, the Estonian Road Administration, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications of the Republic of Estonia and the Government of the Republic of Estonia, thereby involving, where necessary, local authority associations, transport operators and associations of transport operators as well as establishing regional public transport centres.

Maanteeameti pilvebussi


Functions of the Estonian Road Administration


  • Carries out nationwide public transport surveys.
  • Participates in planning the infrastructure of long-distance routes and takes measures to create preferential traffic conditions for public transport vehicles.
  • In the case of carriage of passengers by bus and coach on a county route, coordinates the tariff per kilometre and the ticket price of regular services provided on the basis of a public service contract and the timetables of domestic long-distance routes serviced on the basis of a public service contract.
  • Advises rural municipality and city governments, county governments and regional transport centres in matters concerning the drafting and implementation of a public bus and coach service contract as well as establishing a route network.
  • Manages supervision over compliance with the requirements of an authorisation for a regular service granted by it for the carriage of passengers by public bus and coach and manages supervision exercised over public service contracts awarded for long-distance and county regular bus and coach services, and for rural and urban regular bus and coach services, provided that earmarked subsidies are paid from the state budget for the performance of the public service obligation.
  • Establishes the national public transport route network, taking into account the timetables of rural, urban, county and international routes and the proposals of the county governments concerned.
  • Grants regular service authorisations for the carriage of passengers by bus and coach on a domestic long-distance route and approves the timetables of domestic commercial long-distance routes.