A vehicle used in traffic must be registered within five working days after being put into use in Estonia (generally following the importation of the vehicle or customs clearance). The vehicle shall be registered after the pre-registration technical compliance inspection has been carried out and the vehicle meets requirements. Information regarding the persons related to the vehicle (owners, users) shall be entered in the register along with vehicle information.
The vehicle shall be registered in the name of a natural person with Estonian citizenship or a natural person with a permit or right of residence in Estonia, or a legal person registered in Estonian Business Register or a branch of a foreign company. In case the owner of the vehicle is not a natural person with Estonian citizenship or a natural person with a permit or right of residence in Estonia, or a legal person registered in Estonia, an eligible representative shall be entered in the register in their name as an authorised user.
In case an authorised user of the vehicle is to be entered in the register, the applicant of the registration process shall, in addition to other required documents (see below), also submit information regarding the user or lease agreement, or sales contract with the reservation of title of ownership, on the basis of which the vehicle is used. This requirement applies equally to both natural and legal persons. Generally, the authorised user of the vehicle must give their consent to be entered in the traffic register. Such consent is presumed with credit or financial institutions (e.g. leasing companies) and does not have to be submitted separately.
The vehicle is generally registered to one person. In case a vehicle has several owners, all owners shall be registered as co-owners and one co-owner shall be appointed by them to be registered as an authorised owner. Registration certificate shall state the owner and authorised user and the comment field will include a note stating “co-ownership”.
Further information about authorised user can be found here.
The following documents must be submitted for vehicle registration:
- application to register a vehicle;
- documents proving legal acquisition of the vehicle;
- personal identification document of the applicant;
- authorisation document in case the applicant is a representative of the owner of the vehicle;
- in case of a new vehicle, certificate of conformity (EC-Certificate of Conformity i.e. CoC) issued by the manufacturer;
- in case of a used vehicle, valid registration certificate of the country of origin, both parts if the registration certificate consists of two parts;
- customs clearance documents of vehicles imported from outside the EU;
- expert report of a reconstructed vehicle or a vehicle constructed on an individual basis;
- certificate of compliance with requirements set for vintage vehicles for registering a vintage vehicle;
- national certificate of conformity for registering a vehicle manufactured in Estonia;
- other documents according to the legislation.
The following documents are required for registering a vehicle built on an individual basis for one’s own use:
- application to register a vehicle;
- expert report certifying that the vehicle complies with established requirements;
- decision approving vehicle registration by the technical department of Road Administration;
- documents proving legal acquisition of the main parts and materials of the vehicle;
- certificate of conformity.
A state fee shall be paid for vehicle registration.
The Road Administration has the right to verify the accuracy of submitted data before making the register entry, that includes the right to verify data regarding a registration certificate issued by a foreign institution.
In case the vehicle has been previously issued transit plates, these must be handed over to the Road Administration service bureau upon vehicle registration.
The Road Administration refuses vehicle registration if:
documents or data required for registration have not been submitted;
the vehicle does not meet the established requirements;
the vehicle is made up of spare parts;
the vehicle has been deleted from the register due to being destroyed or based on a valid certificate of destruction;
in another event provided by law.
The service bureau of Road Administration shall issue a registration certificate and registration plate(s) for the owner of the vehicle or the owner’s representative.